Tuesday, April 12, 2011

YURI night

Human Spaceflight became a reality 50 years ago with the launch of a bell-shaped capsule called “Vostok 1” on April 12th, 1961. The capsule was carrying Soviet Cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin, who took his place in history as the first human to leave the bounds of Earth and enter outer space.
Exactly 20 years later, the United States embarked on a new era in spaceflight with the inaugural launch of a new type of spaceship — the Space Shuttle (April 12th, 1981). Designed to carry a larger crew and large volumes of cargo to orbit, the Space Shuttles became synonymous with human spaceflight for an entirely new generation of young people.
When the next 20-year point arrived, that generation (often called “Gen X”) laid a new space milestone by connecting thousands of people around the world to celebrate and honor the past, while building a stairway to the future. That event was Yuri’s Night, and it continues to bring the excitement, passion and promise of space travel closer to people of all ages, nationalities and backgrounds.
For more detailed background on the events behind Yuri’s Night, continue reading below.
12 April 1961: The First Flight
12 April 1981: The First Shuttle
12 April 2001: The First Party

On 12 April 1961, Yuri Gagarin blasted off the launch pad in Baikonur at 9:08 AM local time. His call-sign for the flight was “Cedar.” Sergei Korolev, the Program’s Chief Designer, would call from the ground, “‘Dawn’ calling ‘Cedar.’” Gagarin made his historic 108 minute flight (orbiting around the whole Earth once) and parachute landed near his Vostok 1 capsule in the plains of Russia. This flight made him the first human to orbit the Earth and an international hero. Yuri was only 27 years old.
Seven years after his flight, on Wednesday 27 March 1968, Yuri was piloting a MiG-15 when he got into a tragic crash that ended his life. He was 34. People say that that is why John Glenn was not allowed to fly again for so long – to protect him. Yuri is survived by his wife Valentina and his two daughters, Lenochka and Galochka.
The Cosmonaut program is rich with traditions that honor Yuri’s first flight. It is customary to visit the Gagarin Memorial before your mission, to sign the log book in Yuri’s unchanged office, and to urinate on the tire of the bus that brings you to the launch pad (mostly because Yuri had to himself right before his flight). We hope the world will celebrate 12 April together and create new traditions of space and unity.

More about Yuri

After being just an idea for four years, Yuri’s Night, the World Party for Space, sprang into existence at the United Nations’ Space Generation Advisory Council Graz Conference in September of 2000. Trish Garner, George Whitesides, and Loretta Hidalgo announced the kickoff of the event and released the first version of our website.
Seven months later, they had a buzzing team of space activists and party planners in Los Angeles and 64 events around the world. Our global space community was ready to spring into action to make a difference.
Felipe Hernandez (or Astrolipe), a DJ/space architect from Chile, was interviewed by CNN en Español, Loretta was on the KNBC local news live in the studio, Chris Welch was on BBC Radio, and George was on both NPR Morning Edition and MTV’s Mandy Moore Summer Special – where he was highlighted as a good guy for his efforts to bring the planet together to dance for space.
The parties were all extraordinary. In Mission Control we had a countdown to the first party in Sydney, and then they just continued to roll around the planet. Melbourne had a posh affair with space cocktails; the Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station did a toast; Cape Town celebrated with a space wedding complete with a Shuttle cake; Vancouver, London, Leiden, Istanbul, Bröllin, and Dublin all had large dance parties; Boston put on a full day of events; and in Houston even the NASA brass showed up to get down.
Here in LA things went beautifully. We had the Lunar Rover parked out front, the live webcast of our event and our interviews with VIPs being broadcast around the world, the most kicking DJs who rocked the house, an awesome crowd that just loved the music and the vibe, amazing video work of our historical, current and fictional space footage projected on the main screen, an excellent laser system, and the best silver bikini clad go-go dancers in the Milky Way.
After the party young people from the LA club scene told us it was the best party they had been to and thanked us for creating such an awesome space. Young engineers from JPL stopped and told us it was the most fun they had had out in a long time. We succeeded in doing what we had set out to do – bring together the people who really work for space with the people who think space is cool and want to be a part of it.
We hope you will join us on our adventure this year. We know you want to.

Yuri Gagarin: First Man in Space

April 12 was already a huge day in space history twenty years before the launch of the first shuttle mission. On that day in 1961, Russian cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin (left, on the way to the launch pad) became the first human in space, making a 108-minute orbital flight in his Vostok 1 spacecraft. Newspapers like The Huntsville Times (right) trumpeted Gagarin's accomplishment.

Mercury astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American in space less than a month later.

Scientific cooperation with the Soviet Union dates back to the very beginnings of space flight. The first cooperative human space flight project between the United States and the Soviet Union took place in 1975. The Apollo-Soyuz Test Project was designed to test the compatibility of rendezvous and docking systems for American and Soviet spacecraft and to open the way for future joint manned flights.

Since 1993, the U.S. and Russia have worked together on a number of other space flight projects. The Space Shuttle began visiting the Russian Mir space station in 1994, and in 1995 Norm Thagard became the first U.S. astronaut to take up residency on Mir. Seven U.S. astronauts served with their Russian counterparts aboard the orbiting Mir laboratory from 1995 to 1998. The experience gained from the Mir cooperative effort, as well as lessons learned, paved the way for the International Space Station.

In-orbit construction on the Station began in November 1998, and it has been staffed non-stop with international crews since November 2000. The first Station crew, made up of U.S. commander Bill Shepherd and cosmonauts Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei Krikalev, was launched on board a Russian Soyuz spacecraft. The crew returned to Earth on the Space Shuttle Discovery in March 2001.

+ View Archival Gagarin Video (2 Mb mpeg)

50 years since yurigagarin traveled in space

ഒരു സോവിയറ്റ് ബഹിരാകാശസഞ്ചാരിയാണ് യൂറി അലക്സെയ്‌വിച് ഗഗാറിൻ(റഷ്യൻ: Ю́рий Алексе́евич Гага́рин, Jurij Aleksejevič Gagarin)1934 മാർച്ച് 9ന് ക്ലുഷിനോ ഗ്രാമത്തിൽ ജനിച്ചു. ഇന്നത്തെ റഷ്യയിലെ സ്മൊളൻസ്ക് ഒബ്ലാസ്റ്റിലാണ് ഈ ഗ്രാമം സ്ഥിതിചെയ്യുന്നത്. 1961 ഏപ്രിൽ 12ന് ഇദ്ദേഹം ബഹിരാകാശത്തെത്തിയ ആദ്യ മനുഷ്യനായി. ഭൂമിയെ ഭ്രമണം ചെയ്ത ആദ്യ മനുഷ്യനും ഇദ്ദേഹമാണ്. വോസ്റ്റോക് 3കെഎ-2 എന്ന ബഹിരാകാശ വാഹനത്തിലായിരുന്നു ആ യാത്ര. ബഹിരാകാശസഞ്ചാര മേഖലയിലെ പ്രഥമദർശകൻ എന്ന നിലയിൽ ഇദ്ദേഹത്തിന് പല രാജ്യങ്ങളിൽനിന്നായി പല പുരസ്കാരങ്ങൾ ലഭിച്ചിട്ടുണ്ട്. 1968 മാർച്ച് 27ന് ഒരു പരിശീലനപ്പറക്കലിനിടെ മോസ്കോയ്ക്കടുത്തുവച്ച് മിഗ് ‌15 വിമാനം തകർന്നുണ്ടായ അപകടത്തേത്തുടർന്ന് അന്തരിച്ചു.